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Nom de naissance Sergueï FilippovNationalité RussieNaissance 24 juin 1912
à Saratov (Russie
)Mort 19 avril 1990
(à 77 ans) à Saint-Pétersbourg (Russie
Sergueï Nikolaïevitch Filippov (en russe : Серге́й Никола́евич Фили́ппов), né le 24 juin 1912 à Saratov, alors dans l'Empire russe, et mort le 9 juin 1997 à Léningrad, est un acteur soviétique de cinéma. Il travaille aussi dans le doublage des dessins animés.
Sergey Nikolayevich Filippov was born on June 24, 1912, in Saratov. His father was a factory turner, his mother a dressmaker. Expelled from school for bad behaviour (involving, reportedly, dangerous experiments in the cabinet of a chemistry teacher), he tried several jobs (a baker’s boy, a carpenter, a turner) before joining the ballet studio. There the boy has made such an impression that the school's authorities in 1929 sent him to Moscow for further education. Since it was too late to take exams in the Bolshoi's ballet school, Filippov enrolled into the recently formed Popular Music and Circus college which he graduated in 1933 to join the Moscow Ballet and Opera Theatre troupe. Health problems forced Filippov to drop out, though; soon he found himself in the Comedy Theatre, led by Nikolai Akimov, where he soon became one of the leading new actors, noted for his ability to raise a laugh by the simplest of means.
Career in film
In 1937 Sergey Filippov made his debut on big screen, playing a hapless Finnish soldier in For Soviet Motherland. The same year he married Alevtina Grigorovich, fellow Circus college ex-student. 1939-1940 saw Filippov cast in several major movies, playing an enemy saboteur (Zarkhi and Kheifits' Member of the Government), provision store wrecker in Kozintsev and Trauberg's The Vyborg Side, a railroad worker in Arinka by Kosheverova and Muzykant. These, along with the sailor anarchist in Sergey Yutkevich's Yakov Sverdlov, made the actor popular all over the country. Both directors and critics marvelled at Filippov's plasticity, unusual mimic and gesture routine, improvisational talent and physical strength, which allowed him to perform dangerous stunts with relish and ease.
The cultural climate in the late-1941 USSR was hardly good for an eccentric comedy, yet the first Soviet masterpiece of this genre, Klimenty Mints' Adventures of Korzinkina with Yanina Zhejmo in the lead, was hugely successful. Filippov's part (that of a reciter, performing Lermontov's Death of Gladiator on stage, while tormented by a mouse inside his jacket) was small but unforgettable. Film director Sergey Yutkevich in one of his articles called the actor as 'an ideal buffoon'.
In the 1940s Filippov created several vivid characters, mostly crooks, loafers and different kinds of social inadequates. Well-versed in the history of film, he's had his favourite comics, but never copied anybody, looking for some kind of eccentric individuality in every character of his, however small. "I usually play Soviet people, my contemporaries, so in each character I look for a social motif," he said. One of his best-known parts of the time was that of a crooked shop director Polzikov in The Night Patrol. In the early 1950s Grigorovich, his first wife, divorced him; he married Antonina Golubeva, a writer thirteen years his senior.
Mid-1950s saw another rise in Filippov's popularity. His parts were small but strikingly memorable: silly and arrogant Almazov in The Tiger Trainer, absurdly dull Znanie lecturer in Eldar Ryazanov's Carnival Night, two-faced official Komarinsky in The Girl Without Address. Later critics agreed: Filippov's gift has been exploited by directors mercilessly and unadventurously, his very presence saving otherwise mediocre scenes or films. According to actress Lyubov Tishchenko, one of just two people who visited him in his later years, Filippov's major grievance was never having got a tragic role he was craving for. "I even cried as I learned that it was Yuri Nikulin who's got the lead in When the Trees Were Tall", he said.
In 1965 Filippov underwent a brain tumor removal. He continued to work though with the same fervent zeal, though and in 1971 starred as Kisa Vorobyaninov, next to Archil Gomiashvili's Ostap Bender in Leonid Gaiday's highly popular adaptation of Ilf and Petrov's The Twelve Chairs. This proved to be the peak of his career. In 1974 the actor was awarded the People's Artist of the RSFSR title.
In the 1980s Filippov's health started to deteriorate. After Antonina Golubeva's death in 1989 he was left alone, disabled and destitute. He died of lung cancer on April 19, 1990, his body discovered two weeks after death. Lenfilm refused to subside even the meagre funeral service and (according to fellow comedy star Evgeny Morgunov) it was Alexander Demyanenko who collected the sum. Sergey Filippov was buried next to Antonina Golubeva, his second wife, with his favourite poetry line chosen for an epitaph: "And the day of my funeral / Won’t see candles, or hear liturgies".
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