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Rajkumar est un Acteur, Réalisateur et Producteur Indien né le 23 avril 1929

Rajkumar

Rajkumar
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Nom de naissance Singanalluru Puttaswamayya Muthuraju
Nationalité Inde
Naissance 23 avril 1929
Mort 12 avril 2006 (à 76 ans) à Bangalore (Inde)
Récompenses Prix Dadasaheb Phalke, Filmfare Awards South

Singanalluru Puttaswamayya Muthuraju (24 April 1929 – 12 April 2006), known mononymously by his screen name Rajkumar (Kannada: ರಾಜ್‌ಕುಮಾರ್), was an Indian actor and singer in the Kannada Cinema. Widely acclaimed as one of the finest actor in the history of Indian Cinema, he is considered a cultural icon, and holds a Matinée idol status in the Kannada diaspora, among whom he is popularly adulated as Karnataka Rathna(Diamond of Karnataka State), Rajanna (Brother Raj), Varanata (Gifted actor), Natasarvabhouma (emperor of acting), Gaana Gandharva (singer in the court of Gods), and as Annavru (beloved elder brother).

A method actor, Rajkumar entered the film industry after his long stint as a dramatist with Gubbi Veeranna's Gubbi Drama Company, which he joined at the age of eight, and got his first break as a lead in the 1954 film Bedara Kannappa, and went on to work in over 220 films, the 2000 super hit Shabdavedhi being the last one. Well known for his highly disciplined and simple lifestyle in both personal and professional fronts, Rajkumar was also an avid Yoga, Pranayama and Carnatic music performer. He is also credited for being the only Indian super star who stayed away from acting the vicious acts of drinking, smoking and uttering swear words in all the roles he performed in his long spanning career of close to 50 years. At the age of 71, he was kidnapped from his farm house at Gajanur (the place where he was brought up) by forest brigand Veerappan. He was released after 108 days. He died of cardiac arrest at his residence in Bangalore on 12 April 2006.

In his film career, Rajkumar received eleven Karnataka State Film Awards, ten South Filmfare Awards, two National Film Awards and a National Film Award for Best Playback Singer. He received in 2002 the NTR National Award. He was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Mysore, and is a recipient of the Padma Bhushan and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1995 for the lifetime contribution to Indian Cinema.

Biographie

Family
Rajkumar married Parvathamma, with whom he had 5 children (two daughters and three sons). Two of his sons – Shivrajkumar and Puneet Rajkumar – have become actors in the Kannada film industry. His other son, Raghavendra Rajkumar, is an actor-turned-producer. and grandson Vinay Rajkumar made his debut in Siddharta


Kannada language movement

Although Rajkumar rejected numerous offers to don the political mantle, he was able to influence the State's political fortunes without ever being officially in politics. However, his apolitical outlook did not prevent him from protecting and espousing the cause of Kannada and Karnataka. He had time and again advocated the cause of seeking primacy to Kannada, and hence was asked to lead a movement about making Kannada a compulsory language for primary education based on the "Gokak report," popularly known as Gokak varadhi. He became actively involved in the movement and soon became the force behind the Gokak movement. He took a rally from Belgaum to Bangalore and gave speeches about the importance of Kannada. Millions of people gathered only to have a glimpse of Rajkumar and listen to his speech. The movement became such a rage that the government relented and made Kannada a compulsory language of education in Karnataka.


Discipline
Rajkumar was best regarded for being a highly disciplined man in both his personal and professional lives. He practised Carnatic music for an hour each in the morning and in the evening. His punctuality is another noted aspect. Waking up every morning at 4, he performed Yoga and Pranayama, which is said to be the reason behind Rajkumar's physical and mental fitness. His yoga performances can be seen in his film Kaamana Billu.

He was the epitome of good character in most of his films. He shunned smoking and drinking both on screen and off. To avoid setting a precedent among his fans, he made sure that the roles he accepted did not require him to smoke or drink or utter swear words, and extended this decision to real life. His dress code always consisted of simple white dhoti and shirt. He spent most of his vacations in his hometown, Gajanur, near the forest area where he was later abducted.


Abduction

On 30 July 2000, Rajkumar, his son-in-law Govindaraju, and two others were abducted by Veerappan from the actor's palatial house at Gajanur ( Erode district of Tamil Nadu). Veerappan demanded the release of his gang members who were being held in jail under a defunct anti-terrorism law. The event prompted a massive manhunt and threw the Karnataka government into crisis. The Supreme Court of India opined that it was "unpardonable" on the part of the Government of Tamil Nadu for not providing security to Rajkumar, although they had information a year earlier that he faced a threat of being kidnapped by Veerappan. The Special Task Force (STF) set up to capture Veerapan had earlier warned Rajkumar against visiting the farmhouse, but his son Raghavendra Rajkumar later acknowledged that his father had not taken the threat seriously.

After a total of 108 days in captivity, Rajkumar was released unharmed on 15 November 2000. His abduction and the manner in which his release was secured are a mystery. Upon his return to Bangalore, he knelt down in front of the helicopter with his hands folded and paid respect to the Karnataka soil highlighting his Kannada pride.

According to the Outlook magazine, there are many uncomfortable questions on the role played by the granite lobby in the whole kidnap and release of Dr. Raj. The granite mafia had links with Veerappan in the MM Hills region, and souring ties between them is said to have led to the abduction of Dr. Raj. Added to this mystery was the supposed links of Dr. Raj's son Appu with the granite lobby. According to officers of the Department of Mines and Geology, Karnataka, Puneet's name came up in 1995, when a raid was done on illegal quarries by the Kanakapura Police. Then the Minister for Mines and Geology M D Jayaram, of the H D Deve Gowda government had announced in the Karnataka Assembly, that Puneet was one of the many people who were raided. According to a Congress MLA, the matter was hushed up due to pressure exerted by the influential family. According to sources, Puneet owed the granite lobby 30-40 lakhs. These allegations were however denied by Appu.


Death
Rajkumar died at his home in Sadashivanagar, Bangalore on 12 April 2006 following a cardiac arrest. As per his wishes, his eyes were donated to 2 people the next day.

The Karnataka government announced its intention to make a ₹100 million memorial in memory of Rajkumar at Kanteerava Studios. After Rajkumar's demise, as a tribute and remembrance his fans have unveiled more than 50 statues of Rajkumar, spread across Bangalore city.


Riots following death
His death precipitated a statewide reaction. Following the news of his death, there was major unrest in the city of Bangalore. The then Chief Minister, H. D. Kumaraswamy, later claimed that the violence was instigated by vested political interests. However the opposition blamed it on lack of timely arrangements by responsible organisations. An unofficial bandh (closure of all shops and other establishments) was announced. More than 1000 vehicles were burnt and eight people were killed in police firing. Several people attempted suicide after hearing of Rajkumar's death; most of them were rescued. Around two million people followed his remains. Some of the unrest was caught on film during the "Outsourcing" episode of the Morgan Spurlock show 30 Days.

His death sparked large violence in Bangalore, with violent fans resorting to stone throwing and arson. The suburbs mainly affected were Bellary Road, Magadi Road, Sadashivanagar, and the Kanteerava Indoor Stadium. The violence led to nearly 25 police personnel being injured, OB vans of private Media channels and reporters being attacked, petrol bunk near Hudson Circle being burnt, etc. Stones and bottles were thrown on building and vehicles by the grieving fans. In order to prevent attacks, vehicle drivers put up posters of Rajkumar on their windscreens. The violence resulted in the death of 8 people, including a policeman (Manjunath Malladi (28)) who was lynched to death by the unruly mob. Hundreds of vehicles were damaged, including 20 police vehicles. About $40m losses were reported by software companies, as they had to shut down operations. The Bangalore Police arrested nearly 742 people for rioting, with most being identified from news footage and video clippings. Further the violence and police action resulted in more than 100 people being injured, which included many police personnel. 3 Petrol bunks were set on fire, 4 cinema halls burnt, 25 trucks parked in the Devraj Urs Terminal were destroyed. The Yeshwanthpur police station and the office of the Deputy Commissioner of Police (North) office, which were located on the funeral procession path were completely ransacked with Police vehicles set on fire. The body which was kept at the Kanteerava Stadium for public viewing was moved at 12.30pm to the Kanteerava Film Studios for final rites, and the fans who had been waiting in line to pay respects and were denied a chance resorted to violence. The funeral procession itself was marred with violence, with fans trying to forcibly barge in.

The funeral procession covered K.R. Circle, Palace Road, T. Chowdiah Road, Cauvery Theatre Junction, Sadashivnagar, Yeshwantapur and Goraguntepalya, before reaching Kanteerva Studios. The fans stopped the cortege, and was allowed to proceed further after much pleading by Rajkumar's sons. As a result of the violence, the CM H D Kumaraswamy and then Deputy CM Yediyurappa could not make it for the final rites. Parvathamma Rajkumar was also anguished as she was unable to see her husband's body for the last time because of the chaos.

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Source : Wikidata

Filmographie de Rajkumar (215 films)

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Acteur

நாலு போலீஸும் நல்லா இருந்த ஊரும்
Genres Drame, Comédie, Romance
Acteurs Arulnithi, Remya Nambeesan, Singampuli, Bagavathi Perumal, Rajkumar, Rajkumar
Note53% 2.6842552.6842552.6842552.6842552.684255
The film starts with an outsider coming to the village to provide invitations to the people there. There is a police station with one sub-inspector (Bagavathi Perumal) and 3 constables. The village is apparently winning the award from President for being a model village. People are very honest, hard working and there are not problems in the village. The Policemen lead a very peaceful life because of the villagers. They work from 9 to 5 and are closed on sundays. The police station is used for playing board games and watching tv along with the villagers. Constable Shanmugha Pandi (Arulnithi) is a day dreamer and has a liking to a school teacher (Remya Nambeesan).
Shabdavedhi, 2h45
Réalisé par S. Narayan
Acteurs Rajkumar, K. S. Ashwath, Sowcar Janaki, Umashree, Mukhyamantri Chandru
Rôle Sandeep

Shabdavedi is about Sandeep Rajkumar, a strict police officer crusading against narcotics. The man is so straight that when his wife Jaya Prada refuses to reveal the identity of a key link in the drug ring that he is investigating, he beats her in lockup. Eventually he overcomes all the usual attempts to throw him off the chase like tarnishing his reputation and implicating him in lock-up death cases and tracks the ring down to its last man.
ಆಕಸ್ಮಿಕ, 2h26
Réalisé par T. S. Nagabharana
Genres Thriller, Action, Policier
Acteurs Rajkumar, Madhavi Alladurgam, Geetha, Vajramuni, Thoogudeepa Srinivas, K. S. Ashwath
Rôle Narasimha Murthy
Note70% 3.5219153.5219153.5219153.5219153.521915
Prologue A vehicle drives up to a graveyard and policeman emerges from within carrying a wreath. He walks up to one of the graves and pays his respects. The policeman is revealed to be (Rajkumar).
Jeevana Chaithra, 2h37
Réalisé par S. K. Bhagavan
Acteurs Rajkumar, Madhavi Alladurgam, K. S. Ashwath, Pandari Bai, Abhijith, K. Viswanath
Rôle Vishwanathaiah
Note81% 4.0670554.0670554.0670554.0670554.067055
Jeevana Chaitra tracks the life and times of Vishwanath, from his youth, through the days of his jodi inamathi- when he becomes Jodidar Vishwanatha Raya to his end.
Parashuram
Parashuram (1989)

Genres Action
Acteurs Rajkumar, Vani Viswanath, Puneeth Rajkumar, Doddanna, Bank Janardhan, Thoogudeepa Srinivas

Major Parashuram (Rajkumar) is an ex-army man running a private security agency. He is a happy-go-lucky kind person married happily to Usha (Vani Viswanath), and leads a happy life with his son. He deals with a case where a heroine is abducted and the film producer seeks Parashuram's help. He befriends Appu (Puneeth Rajkumar), who is a slum-dweller.
ದೇವತಾ ಮನುಷ್ಯ, 2h17
Réalisé par Srinivasa Rao Singeetham
Acteurs Rajkumar, Geetha, Sudha Rani, K. S. Ashwath, T. N. Balakrishna, Kanchana
Rôle Krishna Murthy
Note83% 4.1660854.1660854.1660854.1660854.166085
Krishna Murthy is a hard working driver who believes in living a simple life. His boss, a business tycoon, maintains a low profile about his business and does not reveal it to anybody. A high profile robbery for a golden idol of Goddess has taken place and Krishna Murthy is blamed for it. Would he be able to breakaway from this blame and bring forward the criminal forms the rest of the story.
Ondu Muthina Kathe, 2h11
Réalisé par Shankar Naag
Genres Drame
Acteurs Rajkumar, Archana, Mukhyamantri Chandru, Doddanna, T. N. Balakrishna, Ramesh Bhat
Rôle Aithu
Note74% 3.708383.708383.708383.708383.70838
Ondu Muttina Kathe revolves around a deep sea diver, played by Rajkumar, who dives into the sea in search of pearls. One day he manages to bring a shining pearl to his house. The news spreads around the village and he finds everyone wants to own it. And at the same time his baby falls sick and he takes the baby to a doctor, who treats the baby and asks for the pearl instead of money. Meanwhile, others in the village hatch plans to steal the pearl from the fisherman. Disgusted by human greed, the fisherman dumps the pearl back into the sea.
Shruthi Seridaga, 2h40
Acteurs Rajkumar, Madhavi Alladurgam, Geetha, T. N. Balakrishna, K. S. Ashwath, Thoogudeepa Srinivas
Rôle Dr. G. N. Murthy
Note78% 3.907733.907733.907733.907733.90773
Rajkumar plays a role of surgeon (Singer by hobby) falls in love with first heroine Madhavi in an arranged manner.Father of both hero and heroine will be close friends in their earlier life,under special circumstances Balakrishna proposes a marriage between his daughter and his friend's son .
Anuraga Aralithu
Acteurs Rajkumar, Madhavi Alladurgam, Geetha, Pandari Bai, K. S. Ashwath, Thoogudeepa Srinivas

The movie's protagonist (Rajkumar) lives by high moral standards. By circumstance, he is forced to marry the lady owner of the factory where he works. He tolerates her boorish behaviour to keep his aged mother happy but upon the latter's death, decides to teach his wife a lesson.
Guri
Guri (1986)

Réalisé par P. Vasu
Acteurs Rajkumar, Archana, Pandari Bai, Jai Jagadish, Mukhyamantri Chandru, Thoogudeepa Srinivas
Note76% 3.806853.806853.806853.806853.80685
Customs Officer Kaliprasad is deputed anew and nabs a notorious gang of smugglers. While handing over them to police, he befriends the local police inspector. Living with his retired School Teacher father & young sister, he leads a contented life. His happiness doubles when police inspector is engaged to his sister.