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Paul Robeson est un Acteur et Musicien Américain né le 9 avril 1898 à Princeton (Etats-Unis)

Paul Robeson

Paul Robeson
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Nom de naissance Paul Leroy Robeson
Nationalité Etats-Unis
Naissance 9 avril 1898 à Princeton (Etats-Unis)
Mort 23 janvier 1976 (à 77 ans) à Philadelphie (Etats-Unis)
Récompenses Grammy du couronnement d'une carrière

Paul Leroy Robeson (/ˈroʊbsən/; April 9, 1898 – January 23, 1976) was an American singer and actor who became involved with the Civil Rights Movement. At Rutgers College, he was an outstanding football player, then had an international career in singing, with a distinctive, powerful, deep bass voice, as well as acting in theater and movies. He became politically involved in response to the Spanish Civil War, fascism, and social injustices. His advocacy of anti-imperialism, affiliation with communism, and criticism of the United States government caused him to be blacklisted during the McCarthy era. Ill health forced him into retirement from his career. He remained until his death an advocate of the political stances he took.
Robeson won an academic scholarship to Rutgers College, where he became a football All-American and the class valedictorian. He received his LL.B. from Columbia Law School, while playing in the National Football League (NFL). At Columbia, he sang and acted in off-campus productions; and, after graduating, he became a participant in the Harlem Renaissance with performances in The Emperor Jones and All God's Chillun Got Wings. Robeson initiated his international artistic résumé with a theatrical role in Great Britain, settling in London for the next several years with his wife Essie.

Robeson next appeared as Othello at the Savoy Theatre before becoming an international cinema star through roles in Show Boat and Sanders of the River. He became increasingly attuned towards the sufferings of other cultures and peoples. Acting against advice, which warned of his economic ruin if he became politically active, he set aside his theatrical career to advocate the cause of the Republican forces of the Spanish Civil War. He then became active in the Council on African Affairs (CAA).

During World War II, he supported America's war efforts and won accolades for his portrayal of Othello on Broadway. However, his history of supporting pro-Soviet policies brought scrutiny from the FBI. After the war ended, the CAA was placed on the Attorney General's List of Subversive Organizations and Robeson was investigated during the age of McCarthyism. Due to his decision not to recant his public advocacy of pro-Soviet policies, he was denied a passport by the U.S. State Department, and his income, consequently, plummeted. He moved to Harlem and published a periodical critical of United States policies. His right to travel was eventually restored by the 1958 United States Supreme Court decision, Kent v. Dulles, but his health broke down. He retired and he lived out the remaining years of his life privately in Philadelphia.

Le plus souvent avec

Source : Wikidata

Filmographie de Paul Robeson (21 films)

Afficher la filmographie sous forme de liste

Acteur

Le Chant des fleuves, 1h30
Réalisé par Joris Ivens, Robert Ménégoz
Genres Documentaire
Acteurs Paul Robeson
Rôle Voice of Singer
Note66% 3.337953.337953.337953.337953.33795
Les mouvements ouvriers qui se développent le long de six grands fleuves : Mississippi, Amazone, Gange, Nil, Yangzi Jiang et Volga.
Six destins, 2h7
Réalisé par Julien Duvivier
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Drame, Comédie, Comédie dramatique, Romance
Thèmes Films pour enfants
Acteurs Charles Boyer, Rita Hayworth, Ginger Rogers, Henry Fonda, Charles Laughton, Edward G. Robinson
Rôle Luke
Note73% 3.6919853.6919853.6919853.6919853.691985
Un habit de soirée devient la propriété d'un acteur, d'un jeune marié, d'un chef d'orchestre, d'un vagabond, d'un voleur et d'un fermier avant de finir sa "carrière" comme épouvantail...
Native Land, 1h20
Réalisé par Paul Strand
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Drame, Documentaire, Historique
Thèmes Politique, Le monde du travail, Documentaire sur la politique, Politique
Acteurs Paul Robeson, Robert Strauss, Houseley Stevenson, Howard Da Silva, Art Smith, John Marley
Rôle Narrateur
Note63% 3.194123.194123.194123.194123.19412
Face aux violences de la police et des milices privées au service du patronat, dans l'Amérique des années 1930, des travailleurs luttent, parfois au péril de leur vie, afin de préserver les libertés civiques.
La vallée fier, 1h16
Réalisé par Pen Tennyson
Origine Royaume-uni
Genres Drame
Acteurs Paul Robeson, Edward Chapman, Simon Lack, Edward Rigby, Clifford Evans, George Merritt
Rôle David Goliath
Note66% 3.3396553.3396553.3396553.3396553.339655
Dans une vallée minière du charbon gallois, un jeune homme avec une belle voix de chant est appelé à faire le sacrifice ultime lors d'une catastrophe à ciel menace.
Les Mines du roi Salomon, 1h17
Réalisé par Robert Stevenson, Geoffrey Barkas
Origine Royaume-uni
Genres Drame, Fantasy, Action, Aventure
Thèmes Afrique post-coloniale
Acteurs Cedric Hardwicke, Anna Lee, Paul Robeson, Roland Young, John Loder, Robert Adams
Rôle Umbopa
Note62% 3.146843.146843.146843.146843.14684
En Afrique, en 1885, un chercheur d'or Patrick O'Brien et sa fille Kathleen découvrent un diamant qui s'avère n'être qu'un simple caillou. Ils décident de rejoindre la côte car on peut y chercher de l'ivoire. Au même moment, ils aperçoivent un aventurier du nom d’Allan Quatermain, qui part en convoi chercher des chasseurs blancs pour un safari africain. Grâce à Kathy, il accepte de les prendre avec lui. Lors d'un bivouac, Kathleen aperçoit un chariot de l'autre côté du fleuve. Une fois sur place, ils découvrent deux personnes, Umbopa l’africain et Sylvestra qui meurt quelques instants après leur avoir révélé l'existence d'une carte indiquant la mine de diamants du roi Salomon. O'Brien trouve la carte et annonce à sa fille qu'il va aller chercher les diamants, il en fait une copie avant de la rendre à Quatermain. Le soir même, il lui annonce qu'il partira, seul, à leur recherche, et lui demande de veiller sur sa fille. Quatermain qui ne peut le dissuader de partir accepte de protéger Kathy.
Big Fella
Big Fella (1937)
, 1h25
Réalisé par James Elder Wills
Origine Royaume-uni
Genres Drame, Musical
Thèmes Musique
Acteurs Paul Robeson, Elisabeth Welch, Roy Emerton, James Hayter, Joyce Kennedy, Dino Galvani
Rôle Joe
Note58% 2.9262452.9262452.9262452.9262452.926245
Big Fella is set on the docks and streets of Marseilles. Paul Robeson stars in the leading role, as a street-wise but honest dockworker who struggles with deep issues of integrity and human values. Elisabeth Welch plays opposite him as a café singer in love with him. Robeson’s wife, Eslanda Robeson, appears as the café owner.
Jericho
Jericho (1937)
, 1h17
Réalisé par Thornton Freeland
Origine Royaume-uni
Genres Drame, Aventure
Thèmes Afrique post-coloniale
Acteurs Paul Robeson, Henry Wilcoxon, Wallace Ford, John Laurie, James Carew, Peter Gawthorne
Rôle Jericho Jackson
Note61% 3.0533953.0533953.0533953.0533953.053395
The epic film begins as a World War I American troop ship is torpedoed, and many soldiers are trapped below the deck. Robeson plays Jericho Jackson, a medical student drafted into the war. Jericho heroically saves the trapped men, in defiance of his superior’s orders to abandon ship, but he accidentally kills the officer in the melee. Despite his heroism, Jericho is court-martialed for refusing an order. Embittered, he escapes, and an officer named Captain Mack is held responsible for his escape and court-martialed.
My Song Goes Forth, 33minutes
Origine Royaume-uni
Thèmes Afrique post-coloniale, Le racisme, Documentaire sur la discrimination, Documentaire sur le droit, Documentaire sur une personnalité, Documentaire sur la politique, Politique
Acteurs Paul Robeson
Rôle Narration

The advance publicity booklet on the film when it was entitled "Africa Sings", touted it as showing "what the white man achieved for himself" and "what he has done for he natives." "Africa Sings" was one of the first documentary films from South Africa to take a look at the lives of South Africans of all races. There are images of location life, schools and colleges, and a cross-section of occupations, from mine-workers to road-gangs, school-teachers to house- servants, waiters to cane-cutters. Mainstream reviewers gave the documentary a tepid response; the London Daily Worker thought it was too bland to serve a staunch liberationist purpose.
Show Boat
Show Boat (1936)
, 1h53
Réalisé par James Whale
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Drame, Comédie, Comédie musicale, Musical
Thèmes La musique, Musique, Adaptation d'une pièce de théâtre, Adaptation d'une comédie musicale
Acteurs Irene Dunne, Allan Jones, Charles Winninger, Paul Robeson, Helen Morgan, Helen Westley
Rôle Joe Donald Nordley
Note73% 3.6948353.6948353.6948353.6948353.694835
Le résumé de cette version pourra être fait quand il existera en France, une copie DVD du film sous-titré. On peut heureusement regarder sur youtube un extrait de plus de 4 minutes où Paul Robeson chante Old man river: [1]
Song of Freedom, 1h20
Réalisé par James Elder Wills
Origine Royaume-uni
Genres Drame
Thèmes Afrique post-coloniale
Acteurs Paul Robeson, Elisabeth Welch, Esmé Percy, Robert Adams, Ronald Simpson, George Mozart
Rôle John 'Johnny' Zinga
Note64% 3.237123.237123.237123.237123.23712
The first part of the film's story takes place in the year 1700 on an island called Casanga off the west coast of Africa. The island has not yet attracted the attention of the slave traders on the mainland, but its people are suffering fierce oppression under their hereditary queen Zinga - a tyrant, despot, and mistress of cruelty.