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Johnny Cash est un Acteur, Book et Son Américain né le 26 février 1932 à Kingsland (Etats-Unis)

Johnny Cash

Johnny Cash
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Nom de naissance J. R. Cash
Nationalité Etats-Unis
Naissance 26 février 1932 à Kingsland (Etats-Unis)
Mort 12 septembre 2003 (à 71 ans) à Nashville (Etats-Unis)
Récompenses Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Grammy du couronnement d'une carrière, National Medal of Arts

Johnny "J.R." Cash (February 26, 1932 – September 12, 2003) was an American singer-songwriter, guitarist, actor and author who was widely considered one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century. Although primarily remembered as a country music icon, his genre-spanning songs and sound embraced rock and roll, rockabilly, blues, folk, and gospel. This crossover appeal won Cash the rare honor of multiple inductions in the Country Music, Rock and Roll and Gospel Music Halls of Fame.

Cash was known for his deep, calm bass-baritone voice, the distinctive sound of his Tennessee Three backing band, a rebelliousness coupled with an increasingly somber and humble demeanor, free prison concerts, and a trademark look, which earned him the nickname "The Man in Black". He traditionally began his concerts with the simple "Hello, I'm Johnny Cash", followed by his signature "Folsom Prison Blues".

Much of Cash's music echoed themes of sorrow, moral tribulation and redemption, especially in the later stages of his career. His best-known songs included "I Walk the Line", "Folsom Prison Blues", "Ring of Fire", "Get Rhythm" and "Man in Black". He also recorded humorous numbers like "One Piece at a Time" and "A Boy Named Sue"; a duet with his future wife, June Carter, called "Jackson" (followed by many further duets after their marriage); and railroad songs including "Hey, Porter" and "Rock Island Line". During the last stage of his career, Cash covered songs by several late 20th century rock artists, most notably "Hurt" by Nine Inch Nails.

Biographie

Early life
Cash was born on February 26, 1932 in Kingsland, Arkansas, one of seven children born to Ray Cash (May 13, 1897, Kingsland, Arkansas – December 23, 1985, Hendersonville, Tennessee) and Carrie Cloveree (née Rivers; March 13, 1904, Rison, Arkansas – March 11, 1991, Hendersonville, Tennessee). At birth, he was named J. R. Cash. When Cash enlisted in the United States Air Force, he was not permitted to use initials as a first name, so he changed his name to John R. Cash. In 1955, when signing with Sun Records, he took Johnny Cash as his stage name.

The Cash children were: Roy, Margaret Louise, Jack, J. R., Reba, Joanne, and Tommy. His younger brother, Tommy Cash, also became a successful country artist.

In March 1935, when Cash was three years old, the family settled in Dyess, Arkansas. He started working in cotton fields at age five, singing along with his family while working. The family farm was flooded on at least two occasions, which later inspired him to write the song "Five Feet High and Rising". His family's economic and personal struggles during the Great Depression inspired many of his songs, especially those about other people facing similar difficulties.

Cash was very close to his older brother, Jack. In May 1944, Jack was pulled into a whirling head saw in the mill where he worked and was almost cut in two. He suffered for over a week before he died on May 20, 1944, at age 15. Cash often spoke of the horrible guilt he felt over this incident. According to Cash: The Autobiography, his father was away that morning, but he and his mother, and Jack himself, all had premonitions or a sense of foreboding about that day, causing his mother to urge Jack to skip work and go fishing with his brother. Jack insisted on working, as the family needed the money. On his deathbed, Jack said he had visions of Heaven and angels. Decades later, Cash spoke of looking forward to meeting his brother in Heaven.

Cash's early memories were dominated by gospel music and radio. Taught guitar by his mother and a childhood friend, Cash began playing and writing songs at the age of twelve. When Cash was young, he had a high tenor voice, before becoming a bass-baritone. In high school he sang on a local radio station; decades later he released an album of traditional gospel songs, called My Mother's Hymn Book. He was also significantly influenced by traditional Irish music that he heard performed weekly by Dennis Day on the Jack Benny radio program.

Cash enlisted in the United States Air Force on July 7, 1950. After basic training at Lackland Air Force Base and technical training at Brooks Air Force Base, both in San Antonio, Texas, Cash was assigned to the 12th Radio Squadron Mobile of the U.S. Air Force Security Service at Landsberg, Germany as a Morse Code Intercept Operator for Soviet Army transmissions. It was there he created his first band, named "The Landsberg Barbarians". He was the first radio operator to pick up the news of the death of Joseph Stalin. He was honorably discharged as a Staff Sergeant on July 3, 1954, and returned to Texas.


Marriages and family
On July 18, 1951, while in Air Force training, Cash met 17-year-old Vivian Liberto at a roller skating rink in her native San Antonio. They dated for three weeks, until Cash was deployed to Germany for a three-year tour. During that time, the couple exchanged hundreds of pages of love letters. On August 7, 1954, one month after his discharge, they were married at St. Ann's Roman Catholic Church in San Antonio. The ceremony was performed by her uncle, Father Vincent Liberto. They had four daughters: Rosanne, Kathy, Cindy, and Tara. Liberto stated that Cash's drug and alcohol abuse as well as constant touring, affairs with other women, and his close relationship with June Carter led her to file for divorce in 1966.

Cash's career was handled by Saul Holiff, a London, Ontario, promoter and this relationship was the subject of Saul's son's biopic My Father and the Man in Black.

In 1968, 13 years after they first met backstage at the Grand Ole Opry, Cash proposed to June Carter, of the famed Carter Family, during a live performance in London, Ontario. The couple married on March 1, 1968, in Franklin, Kentucky. They had one child together, John Carter Cash, born March 3, 1970. Cash and Carter continued to work together and tour for 35 years until June's death in May 2003. Cash died four months later the same year.


Heritage
Cash researched his heritage and found a mix of mostly Scottish and English ancestry. After meeting with the then-laird of Falkland, Fife, Major Michael Crichton-Stuart, Cash traced his family tree to 11th-century Fife. Cash Loch and other locations in Fife bear the name of his family.

Ses meilleurs films

Walk the Line (2005)
(Book)

Le plus souvent avec

Source : Wikidata

Filmographie de Johnny Cash (17 films)

Afficher la filmographie sous forme de liste

Acteur

No Direction Home, 3h28
Réalisé par Martin Scorsese
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Documentaire, Musical
Thèmes La musique, Documentaire sur la musique, Documentaire sur une personnalité, Musique
Acteurs Bob Dylan, Johnny Cash, Martin Scorsese, D. A. Pennebaker, Mickey Jones
Rôle (archive footage)
Note86% 4.3184054.3184054.3184054.3184054.318405
Bob Dylan raconté par Martin Scorsese, ou la naissance d'un mythe, de son enfance à l'année 1966, date de sa rupture avec le public folk et de l'accident de moto qui interrompit sa carrière. Une biographie musicale en forme de chef-d'oeuvre.
Traqué
Traqué (2003)
, 1h34
Réalisé par William Friedkin
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Drame, Guerre, Thriller, Action, Aventure, Policier
Thèmes Transport, Politique, Road movie, Film de poursuite
Acteurs Tommy Lee Jones, Benicio del Toro, Connie Nielsen, Leslie Stefanson, John Finn, Ron Canada
Note60% 3.0496353.0496353.0496353.0496353.049635
L.T. Bonham, un ancien entraîneur des forces spéciales, vit aujourd'hui reculé dans les forêts de l'Oregon. Lorsque plusieurs meurtres de chasseurs sont commis dans la région, un agent du FBI lui demande conseil et l'invite sur les lieux du crime. Petit à petit, Bonham pense que ces meurtres ont été perpétrés par l'un de ses meilleurs anciens élèves, Aaron Hallam.
La diligence de Tombstone, 1h40
Réalisé par Ted Post
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Action, Western
Acteurs Willie Nelson, Johnny Cash, Merritt Butrick, Kris Kristofferson, Elizabeth Ashley, Mary Crosby
Rôle Marshal Curly Wilcox
Note59% 2.9525752.9525752.9525752.9525752.952575
Un remake de la chevauchée fantastique, sans guère d'intérêt... Un nouveau venu dans l'histoire : Doc Holliday, dont on se demande bien ce qu'il fait là ; il va même aider Ringo, à la fin. Cela permet au réalisateur de faire une jolie image déjà vue 163 fois où 4 hommes marchent de front, dans la rue et dans le plus pur style OK Corral. Le premier coup de feu intervient à la 70ème minute, à peu près, dans un film très ennuyeux. Seul intérêt, l'excellente interprétation des acteurs et la musique, qui bien que n'étant pas mon genre, m'a quand même procuré un certain plaisir... La VHS (VF) est assez mauvaise, mais, à mon avis, le film ne vaut guère mieux.
Nord et Sud, 1h30
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Drame, Historique, Western
Thèmes Politique
Acteurs Jean Simmons, James Read, Patrick Swayze, Lesley-Anne Down, Kirstie Alley, Georg Stanford Brown
Note80% 4.0459154.0459154.0459154.0459154.045915
Cette mini-série est une immense fresque sur l'histoire des États-Unis d'Amérique au xixe siècle, qui met en scène la vie de deux hommes et de leur famille. Orry Main, d'une riche famille de propriétaires qui cultive du coton grâce à l'esclavagisme sudiste, en Caroline du Sud, et George Hazard d'une riche famille d'industriels métallurgistes nordistes de Philadelphie, en l'État de Pennsylvanie. Ils fraternisent à la prestigieuse Académie militaire de West Point puis traversent la vie, la guerre de Sécession (1861 à 1865) et la question fratricide nationale de l'esclavagisme qui les oppose, eux et leur famille, malgré leur amitié profonde.
The Pride of Jesse Hallam
Réalisé par Gary Nelson
Genres Drame
Acteurs Johnny Cash, Brenda Vaccaro, Eli Wallach, Guy Boyd
Rôle Jesse Hallam
Note66% 3.338083.338083.338083.338083.33808
Jesse Hallam, un fermier veuf, âgé de 45 ans emmène ses enfants à la ville parce que sa fille Jenny a besoin d'une opération délicate. Jesse y trouve un bon emploi et il inscrit son fils Ted à l'école. Il se rend vite compte cependant, que son analphabétisme est un grand handicap. Trop fier pour avouer son problème, il suit des cours du soir en secret. Il est aidé par l'adjointe au directeur de l'école, qui éprouve beaucoup de sympathie pour Jesse et son fils. Quand le père découvre que son fils à un problème d'apprentissage scolaire, il suggère que tous les deux aillent à l'école ensemble. Ted est réticent et Jesse, par sa persévérance et son courage doit regagner le respect de son fils. Voici une histoire touchante de fierté et d'amour familial.
Eat the Document, 52minutes
Réalisé par Bob Dylan
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Documentaire, Musical
Thèmes La musique, Documentaire sur la musique, Documentaire sur une personnalité, Musique
Acteurs Robbie Robertson, Johnny Cash, John Lennon, Bob Dylan, Mickey Jones
Note71% 3.5832453.5832453.5832453.5832453.583245
Eat the Document includes footage from the infamous Manchester Free Trade Hall concert, wherein an audience member shouted "Judas!" during the electric half of Dylan's set. Dylan's band during these shows were The Hawks (later to become The Band). Songs from various shows throughout the tour featured in the film include "Tell Me, Momma", "I Don't Believe You (She Acts Like We Never Have Met)", "Ballad of a Thin Man", and "One Too Many Mornings."
Dialogue de feu, 1h29
Réalisé par Lamont Johnson
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Western
Acteurs Kirk Douglas, Johnny Cash, Jane Alexander, Karen Black, Dana Elcar, Robert J. Wilke
Rôle Abe Cross
Note63% 3.1979953.1979953.1979953.1979953.197995
Contre une forte somme, deux vieux gunfighters décident de s'affronter publiquement.
Five Minutes to Live, 1h20
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Thriller, Gangsters, Policier
Thèmes Hold up, Gangsters, Escroquerie
Acteurs Johnny Cash, Donald Woods, Pamela Mason, Vic Tayback, Ron Howard, Norma Varden
Rôle Johnny Cabot
Note57% 2.8569852.8569852.8569852.8569852.856985
Fred Dorella et Johnny Cabot braquent une banque : pendant que Fred se rend à la banque pour faire un retrait de 70 000 $ tandis que Johnny, se faisant passer pour un représentant de commerce, prend la femme du directeur en otage à son domicile.

Scénariste

Walk the Line, 2h16
Réalisé par James Mangold
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Drame, Biographie, Musical, Romance
Thèmes Maladie, La musique, Psychotrope, Musique
Acteurs Joaquin Phoenix, Reese Witherspoon, Ginnifer Goodwin, Robert Patrick, Hailey Anne Nelson, Dallas Roberts
Rôle Book
Note77% 3.8989553.8989553.8989553.8989553.898955
Johnny Cash est originaire d'une ferme de l'Arkansas. Des années plus tard, ce chanteur de country connait d'importants succès musicaux, comme l'album At Folsom Prison, et se hisse parmi les plus grands comme Elvis Presley ou Carl Perkins. Il fait par ailleurs la rencontre de June Carter et doit faire face à ses nombreux déboires avec la drogue.