John Hubley est un Réalisateur, Scénariste, Producteur, Assistant Director et Créateur de production Américain né le 21 mai 1914 à Marinette (Etats-Unis)
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John Hubley (21 mai 1914, Marinette, Wisconsin – 21 février 1977, New Haven, Connecticut) est un animateur américain et réalisateur d'animation connu pour ses expérimentations formelles et pour son réalisme émotionnel qui l'a poussé à engager son propre enfant pour interpréter des personnages de ses films.
Hubley was born in Marinette, Wisconsin. In 1935, he gained a job as a background and layout artist at Disney, where he worked on such classic films as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Pinocchio, Dumbo, and Bambi, as well as "The Rite of Spring" segment from Fantasia.
On February 25, 1939, the famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright visited the studio, and brought with him a copy of the Russian animated movie The Tale of the Czar Durandai (1934), directed by Ivan Ivanov-Vano, which he showed to the artists, among them Hubley. Wright thought that the different style and design, that was very different from the typical Disney animation, would inspire and give the animators new ideas. Hubley liked what he saw and was influenced by it.
He left the company during Disney animators' strike in 1941, and found work directing films for Screen Gems and the Army's First Motion Picture Unit until he joined United Productions of America which was founded by Stephen Bosustow, Zack Schwartz, Dave Hilberman and former Disney animator Ub Iwerks. UPA soon became known for their highly stylized designs and limited animation.
In 1949 he was the creator of the Mr. Magoo cartoon character, based on an uncle, and directed the first Magoo cartoon with Jim Backus voicing Magoo.
He was forced to leave UPA in 1952 when he refused to name names before the House Committee on Un-American Activities. He founded Storyboard Studios the next year and worked on commercials (where he would not be credited) such as creating the Marky Maypo character, but was forced to turn down more exciting projects (such as an adaptation of Finian's Rainbow) because his name was still blacklisted. He moved his studio to New York in 1955, where he switched production over to independent short films.
Hubley was originally the director of Watership Down, until his death which caused producer Martin Rosen to take over. Some of his work, including the opening sequence, remain in the final version.
He married Faith Elliott (September 16, 1924 – December 7, 2001) the same year as the studio's move, and they collaborated on nearly every film he made until his death in 1977 at age 62 during heart surgery; their final production was A Doonesbury Special (with creator Garry Trudeau), which aired on NBC in November of that year. Faith and their four children carried on his legacy in the renamed Hubley Studios. Hubley is survived by his daughters Georgia Hubley, who plays drums and sings for the rock band, Yo La Tengo as well as Emily Hubley, a filmmaker and animator, who has made numerous short films, including animated inserts and segments for documentaries such as Blue Vinyl and the film version of Hedwig and the Angry Inch, and a feature called The Toe Tactic (www.thetoetactic.com) which combines live action and animation. His two other children with Faith Hubley were Mark and Ray Hubley, whose voices were used for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film-winning Moonbird. Children with Claudia Ross are son Mark Ross Hubley an accomplished second generation animator, grandson Miles Hubley film director and editor. Daughters Anne Hubley Ricchiuti and Susan Hubley Blakely.
Ses meilleurs films
(Directeur de l'art)
(Directeur de l'art)
Le plus souvent avec