Jean Seberg est une Actrice Américaine née le 13 novembre 1938 à Marshalltown (Etats-Unis)
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Nom de naissance Jean Dorothy SebergNationalité Etats-UnisNaissance 13 novembre 1938
à Marshalltown (Etats-Unis
)Mort 8 septembre 1979
(à 40 ans) à Paris (France
Jean Dorothy Seberg (prononciation française /ʒan seˈbɛrg/, anglaise /ˈdʒiːn ˈsiːbərg/), née le 13 novembre 1938 à Marshalltown dans l'Iowa et morte le 30 août 1979 à Paris, est une actrice américaine qui passa une partie importante de sa carrière en France et fut une collaboratrice de Robert Cordier.
De son Iowa natal au Paris de la Nouvelle Vague, Jean Seberg a incarné un idéal féminin pour toute une génération. À la fois américaine et française, elle connaît son premier triomphe avec le personnage de Jeanne d'Arc, qu'elle incarne dans le film d'Otto Preminger. À ce moment-là, le destin de Jean Seberg est scellé. De Bonjour Tristesse, de Preminger et d'après Sagan, à À bout de souffle, de Godard et avec Belmondo pour partenaire, elle devient célèbre grâce à sa fraîcheur, sa beauté et sa spontanéité.
Sa vie privée tumultueuse et son mariage avec Romain Gary ont fait d'elle, au-delà de la star, une figure de la vie culturelle des années 1960. Elle est parmi les premières actrices à prendre des engagements politiques pour faire entendre la voix des Noirs américains dans un contexte de ségrégation raciale. Sa mort mal élucidée met un point final mystérieux à son existence.
On September 5, 1958, Seberg married François Moreuil, a French lawyer, age 23, in Marshalltown after having met in France 15 months earlier. They divorced in 1960. Moreuil had ambitions in movies and directed his estranged wife in "La récréation". According to Seberg, the marriage was a "violent" one; and she complained that she "got married for all the wrong reasons." On living in France for a period of time, Seberg said in an interview:
I'm enjoying it to the fullest extent. I've been tremendously lucky to have gone through this experience at an age where I can still learn. That doesn't mean that I will stay here. I'm in Paris because my work has been here. I'm not an expatriate. I will go where the work is. The French life has its drawbacks. One of them is the formality. The system seems to be based on saving the maximum of yourself for those nearest you. Perhaps that is better than the other extreme in Hollywood, where people give so much of themselves in public life that they have nothing left over for their families. Still, it is hard for an American to get used to. Often I will get excited over a luncheon table only to have the hostess say discreetly that coffee will be served in the other room. [..] I miss that casualness and friendliness of Americans, the kind that makes people smile. I also miss blue jeans, milk shakes, thick steaks and supermarkets.
However, despite extended stays in the United States, Seberg remained Paris-based for the rest of her life. In 1963, she married French aviator, resistant, novelist and diplomat Romain Gary, who was 24 years her senior and was previously married. Gary's divorce from his first wife took place on September 5, 1962, shortly before their wedding October the 6th. The marriage in Corsica was secret and used accommodations with the law. Their only child together, Alexandre Diego Gary, was born in Barcelona on July 24, 1962; for this, Diego's birth and first years of life were hidden from even Gary's closest friends and relatives. Thanks to his contacts in the diplomat services, Gary "established" Diego's birth at the French village of Charquemont on October 26, 1963, after his parents' marriage. During her marriage to Gary, Seberg lived in Paris, Greece, Southern France and Majorca. Diego married and as of 2009 resides in Spain where he runs a bookstore and oversees his father's literary and real estate holdings.
Seberg's second child, Nina Hart Gary (born August 23, 1970 - died August 25, 1970, buried at Riverside Cemetery in Marshalltown, Iowa) was acknowledged by Gary as his own, but the child was actually the product of an affair with a student revolutionary named Carlos Ornelas Navarro.
In 1972, she was married for the third time, to aspiring film director Dennis Berry.
In 1979, while separated from her legally-wed husband, Seberg went through "a form of marriage" to an Algerian named Ahmed Hasni. Hasni persuaded her to sell her second apartment on the Rue du Bac, and he kept the proceeds (reportedly 11 million francs in cash), announcing that he would use the money to open a Barcelona restaurant. The couple departed for Spain but she was soon back in Paris alone, and went into hiding from Hasni, who she said had grievously abused her.
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