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Iván Zulueta est un Réalisateur, Scénariste et Compositeur de musique originale Espagnol né le 29 octobre 1943 à Saint-Sébastien (Espagne)

Iván Zulueta

Iván Zulueta
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Nom de naissance Juan Ricardo Miguel Zulueta Vergarajauregui
Nationalité Espagne
Naissance 29 octobre 1943 à Saint-Sébastien (Espagne)
Mort 30 décembre 2009 (à 66 ans) à Saint-Sébastien (Espagne)

Iván Zulueta est un réalisateur et designer espagnol né le 29 septembre 1943 à Saint-Sébastien et mort le 30 décembre 2009 dans cette même ville. Il est principalement connu pour son film Arrebato en 1980.

Biographie

Childhood and early career
Ivan Zulueta was born Juan Ricardo Miguel due to the Russian origin of that name, which was not allowed by anti-communist Franco dictatorship, in San Sebastián, Basque Country, Spain. His family was wealthy: his father’s family had had sugar factories in Cuba for generations. His father was a lawyer; even though he combined his job with other activities, such as director of the San Sebastian Film Festival. His mother was a painter, even though not professionally. Hence, Ivan was surrounded by the arts from an early age.

Zulueta moved to Madrid in 1960 and enrolled in decoration courses. At the end of 1963, he was offered the opportunity of traveling in a merchant vessel to New York. There, he enrolled in Arts Students League for studying oil painting and advertising drawing. Zulueta discovered pop art, Nouvelle Vague, the New American Cinema and artists such as Jonas Mekas and John Cassavetes.

Coming back to Madrid in 1964, Zulueta enrolled in the Spanish Cinema School. He directed a couple of shorts in 35 mm. The first one, called Agata, based on a short story by Edgar Allan Poe. And the second one, called Ida y Vuelta (Round Trip), based on a short story by William Jenkins. However, he did not get his degree and the School was closed by the dictatorship. Zulueta would not be allowed to sign his works until Franco died because of this.


Pop-art and psychedelic
In 1968, Jose Luis Borau, his teacher in the Film School, produced a TV show called Ultimo Grito (Latest Trends). The anchormen were Jose Maria Inigo and Judy Stephen. Ivan Zulueta directed the show. The production means and budget were low and therefor among the methodologies employed for this production was to have friends take on the different positions and creative capacities required for its realization.

In 1969, Un, Dos, Tres, Al Escondite Inglés (Hide and Seek) was produced. It was Jose Luis Borau’s first work as a producer of a full-length movie. The production was carried the same way as in the TV show Ultimo Grito. The film was a musical which made fun of Eurovision contest with a Richard Lester style. It was first released in Cannes Film Festival.


70s: experimentation
Jose Luis Borau provided Zulueta with unused film from his newly created production company. Zulueta used it for experimenting mainly with tempo and editing. He also used other underground formats like 16mm or 8mm. Most of the time, the experimentation was related to re-filming preexisting material in other formats and rhythms. This visual style was very popular in those years, used by other directors and achieving a peak with the eminent Koyaanisqatsi (1983). At same time, Zulueta started a prolific career as poster designer.

Ivan met Pedro Almodóvar and helped him in his first underground short movies.
Zulueta also worked as assistant director for other directors such as Jaime Chavarri or Antonio Drove.

Ivan Zulueta proposed to hit other non-underground segments of the public by directing a short movie and releasing it. The result: Leo Es Pardo (Leo is Dark); a short movie recorded with a 16mm camera. It was released in the Berlin Film Festival. Then, Zulueta and his collaborators thought that they could try to put all this experimentation onto a full-length film released as a conventional movie…


Arrebato (Rapture)
A Spanish architect interested in movies decided to help Zulueta financially. The planning was a 15-day filming. However, it was shot in real interiors owned by Zulueta and other friends, like Jaime Chavarri; and most of collaborators used drugs like heroin, that drove the planning and the budget to be highly increased. Pedro Almodóvar dubbed one of the female characters, but he was not credited. The relationship between the director and the producer was poorly damaged. Moreover, the film had a lot of problems to be commercially released due to its experimental and underground style; even though the dictatorship had fallen through. It was finally released in 1980. Ivan Zulueta was labeled as a problematic auteur and Arrebato became a cult movie.


80s: silence
Finally, his heroin addiction forced him to retire temporarily. Living in San Sebastián, he declined offers for new projects in filming industry. On the other hand, Zulueta continued with his career as poster designer. It is in these years when he produced his best known works for Pedro Almodóvar, among others. He also started experimenting with photography.


The come-back: "Párpados" & "Ritesti"
At the end of the 80s and the beginning of the 90s, Zulueta directed a couple of episodes for two different TV serials. The first one, called “Parpados” (“Eyelids”), was a love story between a couple of twins. The second one, called “Ritesti”, was a horror story. Both were traced by Zulueta’s style, visual obsessions, circular screenplay, format mixing (film and video) and a fragmented editing which reminded some of David Lynch movies.


Latest years
By mid-90s, Zulueta came back to the silence. He continued his work designing posters. However, at the beginning of the 2000s, some personalities in the Spanish film industry rediscovered Zulueta’s early work: different expositions (paintings, posters and photography) were organized in different Spanish cities such as Madrid or Barcelona; his films were broadcast on TV and cinema again; his short movies were shown on film festivals and Arrebato was first launched on DVD. "Un, Dos, Tres, al Escondite Inglés" was released on VHS and some of his experimental shorts were launched on a limited DVD release.

His death was reported on 30 December 2009.

Le plus souvent avec

Cecilia Roth
Cecilia Roth
(1 films)
Alaska
Alaska
(1 films)
Luis Ciges
Luis Ciges
(1 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmographie de Iván Zulueta (1 films)

Afficher la filmographie sous forme de liste

Réalisateur

Arrebato
Arrebato (1979)
, 1h45
Réalisé par Iván Zulueta
Origine Espagne
Genres Drame, Horreur
Acteurs Cecilia Roth, Pedro Almodóvar, Luis Ciges, Alaska
Note71% 3.592363.592363.592363.592363.59236
José Sirgado (Eusebio Poncela) is a frustrated horror film director and heroin addict in a tumultuous relationship with Ana (Celicia Roth). The cousin of his ex-girlfriend Marta, Pedro (Will More), sends him a video tape, an audio cassette, and the key to his apartment despite the fact that the two have only met twice; once when José came with Marta to visit the family and Pedro asked for his help in controlling time in his films, and a second time when José returns with Ana to give Pedro a device for his camera that can help him in achieving this goal. Pedro describes his life after the gift on the cassette as José watches his film at the same time, explaining that one night after falling asleep he discovered that his camera turned on by itself and filmed him. After developing the film, he discovers a red frame in which the camera has lost the image of his sleeping. Curious, Pedro allows the camera to film him multiple times as he sleeps, only to discover that the red still frames are growing in number. Unsure of what the frames mean, he asks his cousin Marta to watch him as he sleeps. As she watches one of his films, the camera moves on its own to face Marta, who disappears. When he only has one more frame left before the entire film becomes red, Pedro sends the film, his audio instructions, and the key to José, instructing him to come to his apartment and develop the final film. José complies, finding the apartment empty, and discovers the film to be entirely red except for one frame of Pedro's face. The image begins to move, with Pedro gesturing towards the bed with a subtle smile, implying that José should also let the camera film him as he sleeps; the image becomes blurred and then changes into José's own face, which makes a similar gesture. The final scene of the film finds José getting into Pedro's bed to experience the same "rapture" as his friend.

Scénariste

Arrebato
Arrebato (1979)
, 1h45
Réalisé par Iván Zulueta
Origine Espagne
Genres Drame, Horreur
Acteurs Cecilia Roth, Pedro Almodóvar, Luis Ciges, Alaska
Note71% 3.592363.592363.592363.592363.59236
José Sirgado (Eusebio Poncela) is a frustrated horror film director and heroin addict in a tumultuous relationship with Ana (Celicia Roth). The cousin of his ex-girlfriend Marta, Pedro (Will More), sends him a video tape, an audio cassette, and the key to his apartment despite the fact that the two have only met twice; once when José came with Marta to visit the family and Pedro asked for his help in controlling time in his films, and a second time when José returns with Ana to give Pedro a device for his camera that can help him in achieving this goal. Pedro describes his life after the gift on the cassette as José watches his film at the same time, explaining that one night after falling asleep he discovered that his camera turned on by itself and filmed him. After developing the film, he discovers a red frame in which the camera has lost the image of his sleeping. Curious, Pedro allows the camera to film him multiple times as he sleeps, only to discover that the red still frames are growing in number. Unsure of what the frames mean, he asks his cousin Marta to watch him as he sleeps. As she watches one of his films, the camera moves on its own to face Marta, who disappears. When he only has one more frame left before the entire film becomes red, Pedro sends the film, his audio instructions, and the key to José, instructing him to come to his apartment and develop the final film. José complies, finding the apartment empty, and discovers the film to be entirely red except for one frame of Pedro's face. The image begins to move, with Pedro gesturing towards the bed with a subtle smile, implying that José should also let the camera film him as he sleeps; the image becomes blurred and then changes into José's own face, which makes a similar gesture. The final scene of the film finds José getting into Pedro's bed to experience the same "rapture" as his friend.

Son

Arrebato
Arrebato (1979)
, 1h45
Réalisé par Iván Zulueta
Origine Espagne
Genres Drame, Horreur
Acteurs Cecilia Roth, Pedro Almodóvar, Luis Ciges, Alaska
Rôle Compositeur de musique originale
Note71% 3.592363.592363.592363.592363.59236
José Sirgado (Eusebio Poncela) is a frustrated horror film director and heroin addict in a tumultuous relationship with Ana (Celicia Roth). The cousin of his ex-girlfriend Marta, Pedro (Will More), sends him a video tape, an audio cassette, and the key to his apartment despite the fact that the two have only met twice; once when José came with Marta to visit the family and Pedro asked for his help in controlling time in his films, and a second time when José returns with Ana to give Pedro a device for his camera that can help him in achieving this goal. Pedro describes his life after the gift on the cassette as José watches his film at the same time, explaining that one night after falling asleep he discovered that his camera turned on by itself and filmed him. After developing the film, he discovers a red frame in which the camera has lost the image of his sleeping. Curious, Pedro allows the camera to film him multiple times as he sleeps, only to discover that the red still frames are growing in number. Unsure of what the frames mean, he asks his cousin Marta to watch him as he sleeps. As she watches one of his films, the camera moves on its own to face Marta, who disappears. When he only has one more frame left before the entire film becomes red, Pedro sends the film, his audio instructions, and the key to José, instructing him to come to his apartment and develop the final film. José complies, finding the apartment empty, and discovers the film to be entirely red except for one frame of Pedro's face. The image begins to move, with Pedro gesturing towards the bed with a subtle smile, implying that José should also let the camera film him as he sleeps; the image becomes blurred and then changes into José's own face, which makes a similar gesture. The final scene of the film finds José getting into Pedro's bed to experience the same "rapture" as his friend.