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Ion Caramitru est un Acteur Roumain né le 9 mars 1942 à Bucarest (Roumanie)

Ion Caramitru

Ion Caramitru
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Nom de naissance Ion Horia Leonida Caramitru
Nationalité Roumanie
Naissance 9 mars 1942 (77 ans) à Bucarest (Roumanie)
Récompenses Officier de l'ordre de l'Empire britannique

Ion Horia Leonida Caramitru ([iˈon karaˈmitru]; born March 9, 1942) is a Romanian stage and film actor, stage director, as well as a political figure. He was Minister of Culture between 1996 and 2000, in the Romanian Democratic Convention (CDR) cabinets of Victor Ciorbea, Gavril Dejeu, Radu Vasile, Alexandru Athanasiu, and Mugur Isărescu. Is married with actress Micaela Caracaș and have 3 boys: Ștefan, Andrei and Matei Caramitru.

Biographie

Early life and acting career
Born to an Aromanian family in Bucharest, he graduated from the I. L. Caragiale Institute for Theater and Film Arts in 1964, having debuted on the stage a year earlier — with the title role in an acclaimed production of William Shakespeare's Hamlet for the Bulandra Theater. He continued his engagement for Bulandra while starring in plays at the National Theatre Bucharest and various other theaters.

Caramitru was a protagonist in a series of theatrical productions by directors such as Liviu Ciulei, Moni Ghelerter, Andrei Şerban, Liviu Purcărete, Sandra Manu, Cătălina Buzoianu, Alexandru Tocilescu, and Sică Alexandrescu (acting in plays such as Mihail Sebastian's Steaua fără nume, Georg Büchner's Danton's Death, Aeschylus' The Oresteia, Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire, Carlo Goldoni's Il bugiardo, and in many of Shakespeare's works). As a director of theater, opera, and operetta productions, Caramitru notably staged works by Frederick Loewe (My Fair Lady), Marin Sorescu (The Third Stake), Benjamin Britten (The Little Sweep), Aleksei Nikolaevich Arbuzov (The Lie), and Shakespeare (The Merchant of Venice); his adaptations of Peter Brook's La Tragédie de Carmen and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Eugene Onegin were hosted by the Grand Opera House in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Caramitru starred in over 30 feature films, making his debut with a supporting role in Ciulei's Forest of the Hanged (1964). Among his best-known roles are Vive in Dimineţile unui băiat cuminte (1966), Gheorghidiu in Între oglinzi parallele (1978), Ştefan Luchian in Luchian (1981), and Socrate in the Liceenii series (1985–1987). Later in life, Caramitru has had minor roles in foreign films: he was an anarchist in the 1991 Kafka, Tatevsky in Citizen X (1995), Zozimov in Mission: Impossible (1996), Count Fontana in Amen. (2002), and a Bulgarian immigrant to Ireland in Adam & Paul (2004).

For his work in establishing British-Romanian cultural links, Caramitru was named an Officer of the Order of the British Empire. In 1997, the French Ministry of Culture awarded him the title of Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres.

In May 2005, he won the competition for the head office of the National Theatre Bucharest, replacing Dinu Săraru.


Political career
Revolution
Caramitru entered political life as an opponent of the communist regime in the Romanian Revolution of 1989. On December 22, 1989, after President Nicolae Ceauşescu had fled Bucharest, Caramitru and the known dissident writer Mircea Dinescu joined the crowd occupying the Romanian Television building, and were prominent among the numerous speakers who were proclaiming revolutionary victory.

A popular rumor circulating soon after the episode alleged that, unaware of being filmed, Caramitru had addressed Dinescu, saying, "Mircea, fă-te că lucrezi!" ("Mircea, pretend you are working!"); this version of events may have started as defamation by political adversaries, with the purpose of indicating that the Revolution was a carefully staged front for a coup d'état. According to Alex Mihai Stoenescu's research, despite its passing into contemporary folklore, such a phrase was never uttered; instead, the words used were "Mircea, arăţi că lucrezi" ("Mircea, show that you are working on something" — while holding Dinescu's booklet in front of camera), to which Dinescu replied "La un apel" ("[I'm working] on an appeal [to the people]") — pointing rather to their ill-preparedness and their preoccupation in quickly drafting a proper document.


FSN and CDR
He was an early member of the National Salvation Front (FSN) Council, the government formed around Ion Iliescu, where he was in charge of Culture. After the elections of 1990, as the FSN become a political party, he withdrew from the body in protest, arguing that the Iliescu grouping was attempting to use executive power and prestige in order to monopolize power (the gesture was preceded by the resignation of other intellectuals present in the FSN Council, including Doina Cornea and Ana Blandiana). Already a member of the Civic Alliance Foundation, he joined the National Peasants' Party, which engaged in opposition to the FSN, and became Minister of Culture after the CDR coalition won the elections of 1996.

Following the defeat in the 2000 elections and the party's breakup, he remained a member of the main PNŢ wing, the Christian-Democratic People's Party (PPCD). Caramitru opposed the PPCD leader Gheorghe Ciuhandu on several grounds, including the merger with the Union for Romanian Reconstruction; he advocated a reconciliation with former president Constantinescu, and was among the PPCD members to declare themselves alarmed by the possibility of Ioan Talpeş joining the party (Talpeş, who had left the PSD, had served as head of the Romanian Foreign Intelligence Service in 1992-1997). In February 2006, he handed in his resignation as vice-president of the PPCD.


Other causes
In the early 1990s, arguing that the granting of revolutionary diplomas and privileges had become an instrument of corruption, Caramitru, together with other revolutionaries and dissidents (Victor Rebengiuc, Dan Pavel, Radu Filipescu, and Costică Canacheu), formed the non-governmental organization Asociaţia Revoluţionarilor fără Privilegii (the Association of Non-Privileged Revolutionaries).

A noted figure within the Aromanian community, Caramitru has also founded Societatea de Cultură Macedo-Română, which is currently involved in a debate with Comunitatea Aromână din România (CAR): Caramitru and his supporters argue that Aromanians are a branch of the Romanians, whereas CAR campaigns for their recognition as an ethnic minority (with automatic representation in the Parliament of Romania).

In 2006, during a visit in Moldova, Caramitru claimed that Moldova is still a part of Romania, leading to a diplomatic row between Romania and Moldova and Caramitru being declared a "persona non grata" in Moldova.


vteVictor Ciorbea cabinet (1996-1998)Prime Minister
Victor Ciorbea/Gavril Dejeu
Ministers of State
Mircea Ciumara
Ulm Spineanu
Gavril Dejeu
Adrian Severin
Victor Babiuc
Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
Valeriu Stoica
Alexandru Athanasiu
Ministers
Valeriu Stoica (Justice)
Victor Babiuc/Constantin Dudu Ionescu (Defense)
Mircea Ciumara/Daniel Dăianu (Finance)
Ion Caramitru (Culture)
Nicolae Noica (Public Works)
Dinu Gavrilescu (Agriculture)
Ştefan Iosif Drăgulescu/Ion Victor Bruckner (Health)

Adrian Severin/Andrei Pleșu (Foreign Affairs)
Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu/Mircea Ciumara (Industry and Commerce)
Alexandru Athanasiu (Labor)
Sorin Pantiş (Communications)
Ioan Oltean/Sorin Frunzăverde/Romică Tomescu (Environment)
Traian Băsescu/Anton Ionescu (Transport)
Gavril Dejeu (Interior)
Virgil Petrescu/Andrei Marga (Education)
Ulm Spineanu/Ilie Şerbănescu (Reform)
Bujor Bogdan Teodoriu/Horia Ene (Research and Technology)
Mihai-Sorin Stănescu/Crin Antonescu (Youth and Sport)
Bogdan Niculescu-Duvăz/Ioan Mureşan (Relation with Parliament)
Ákos Birtalan (Tourism)
Minister-Delegates
Alexandru Herlea (European Integration)
Remus Opriș (Local Administration)
Valentin Ionescu (Privatization)
Radu Boroianu/Sorin-Mircea Bottez (Public Information)
György Tokay (National Minorities)

PNŢ minister
PD minister
PNL minister
UDMR minister
PSDR minister
Independent minister

vteRadu Vasile cabinet (1998-1999)Prime Minister
Radu Vasile/ Alexandru Athanasiu
Ministers of State
Victor Babiuc
Valeriu Stoica
Ministers
Valeriu Stoica (Justice)
Victor Babiuc (Defense)
Daniel Dăianu/ Decebal Traian Remeș (Finance)
Ion Caramitru (Culture)
Nicolae Noica (Public Works)
Dinu Gavrilescu/ Ioan Avram Mureşan (Agriculture)
Francisc Baranyi/ Gábor Hajdú (Health)
Andrei Pleșu (Foreign Affairs)
Radu Berceanu (Industry and Commerce)
Alexandru Athanasiu (Labor)
Sorin Pantiş (Communications) Romică Tomescu (Environment)
Traian Băsescu (Transport)
Gavril Dejeu/Constantin Dudu Ionescu (Interior)
Andrei Marga (Education)
Ioan Avram Mureşan/ Victor Babiuc (Reform)
Horia Ene/ Valeriu Stoica (Research and Technology)
Crin Antonescu (Youth and Sport)
Alexandru Sassu (Relation with Parliament)
Sorin Frunzăverde (Tourism)
Minister-Delegates
Alexandru Herlea (European Integration)
György Tokay/ Péter Eckstein-Kovács (National Minorities)

PNŢ minister
PD minister
PNL minister
UDMR minister
PSDR minister
Independent minister

vteMugur Isărescu cabinet (1999-2000)Prime Minister
Mugur Isărescu
Ministers of State
Mircea Ciumara
Valeriu Stoica
Gábor Hajdú
Petre Roman
Ministers
Valeriu Stoica (Justice)
Victor Babiuc/ Sorin Frunzăverde (Defense)
Decebal Traian Remeș (Finance)
Ion Caramitru (Culture)
Nicolae Noica (Public Works)
Ioan Avram Mureşan (Agriculture)
Gábor Hajdú (Health)
Petre Roman (Foreign Affairs)
Radu Berceanu (Industry and Commerce)
Smaranda Dobrescu (Labor)
Romică Tomescu (Environment)
Traian Băsescu/ Anca Boagiu (Transport)
Constantin Dudu Ionescu (Interior)
Andrei Marga (Education)
Vlad Roşca (Public Office)
Crin Antonescu (Youth and Sport)

PNŢ minister
PD minister
PNL minister
UDMR minister
Independent minister

Ses meilleurs films

Amen. (2002)
(Acteur)

Le plus souvent avec

Marcel Iureș
Marcel Iureș
(2 films)
Chris Gerolmo
Chris Gerolmo
(1 films)
John Knoll
John Knoll
(1 films)
Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
(1 films)
Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(1 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmographie de Ion Caramitru (9 films)

Afficher la filmographie sous forme de liste

Acteur

Charlie Countryman, 1h48
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Drame, Thriller, Comédie, Comédie dramatique, Comédie policière, Comédie romantique, Action, Romance
Acteurs Shia LaBeouf, Rupert Grint, Aubrey Plaza, Evan Rachel Wood, Mads Mikkelsen, Til Schweiger
Rôle Victor Ibanescu
Note64% 3.2013853.2013853.2013853.2013853.201385
Bouleversé par la mort de sa mère, Charlie Countryman quitte les Etats-Unis et atterrit dans l’une des villes les plus survoltées d’Europe : Bucarest. En plein deuil, seul parmi des inconnus, entre virées en boîte et trip hallucinogènes, il rencontre la très énigmatique Gabi… et en tombe violemment amoureux. Mais celle-ci est la femme d'un gangster qui va lancer à leurs trousses une horde de tueurs. Gabi tente toutefois de repousser Charlie pour mieux le protéger… Mais rien ne fait entendre raison au jeune homme - pas même la peur de mourir.
Adam & Paul, 1h25
Réalisé par Lenny Abrahamson
Genres Drame, Comédie, Comédie dramatique
Thèmes Maladie, Psychotrope
Acteurs Tom Murphy, Ion Caramitru, Michael McElhatton
Rôle Eastern European Man
Note71% 3.5964653.5964653.5964653.5964653.596465
Adam and Paul are childhood friends who as adults have withered into two hopeless, desperate addicts, tied together by habit and necessity. The film is a stylised, downbeat comedy, following the pair through a single day, which, like every other, is devoted to scrounging and robbing money to buy heroin.
Amen.
Amen. (2002)
, 2h15
Réalisé par Costa-Gavras
Origine Allemagne
Genres Drame, Historique
Thèmes Religion, Théâtre, Politique, Religion juive, Adaptation d'une pièce de théâtre
Acteurs Ulrich Tukur, Mathieu Kassovitz, Ion Caramitru, Michel Duchaussoy, Ulrich Mühe, Marcel Iureș
Rôle Graf Fontana
Note72% 3.647643.647643.647643.647643.64764
Durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, un officier allemand de la SS, chimiste fournissant les camps en Zyklon B, Kurt Gerstein, cherche à alerter le Vatican du génocide dont les Juifs sont alors victimes. Ricardo Fontana, jeune jésuite conseiller auprès du nonce apostolique en poste à Berlin et dont la carrière s'annonce prometteuse, lui prête l'oreille. Ils se rendent à Rome, Ricardo pensant que le fait que son père soit très haut placé dans la hiérarchie laïque du Vatican les aidera à convaincre Pie XII de la nécessité d'une condamnation sans ambiguïté des crimes nazis à l'égard des Juifs. Mais leurs initiatives pour interrompre la Shoah ne trouveront pas d'écho auprès des hautes autorités étrangères ou religieuses.
Mission : Impossible, 1h50
Réalisé par Brian De Palma
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Thriller, Action, Aventure, Espionnage
Thèmes Espionnage, Transport, Le train, Road movie, Hold up, Film de poursuite, Gangsters, Escroquerie
Acteurs Tom Cruise, Jon Voight, Emmanuelle Béart, Henry Czerny, Jean Reno, Ving Rhames
Rôle Zozimov
Note70% 3.548633.548633.548633.548633.54863
Jim Phelps et ses agents sont envoyés à Prague avec pour mission d'appréhender un espion ennemi lors d'une réception dans l'ambassade américaine. Cet homme, Alexander Golytsin, s'apprête à dérober une disquette contenant la liste secrète des agents infiltrés en Europe centrale. Seulement, les agents de l'IMF (Impossible Missions Force) ignorent que la CIA, persuadée que le commando est infiltré par une taupe, a envoyé une autre équipe. Presque tous les membres de l'équipe de Phelps sont tués, sa femme, Claire, les agents Jack Harmon, Sarah Davies et Hannah Williams. Jack meurt empalé dans une cage d'ascenseur et Jim est abattu sur le pont Charles et tombe dans la rivière Vltava, Claire et Hannah sont tuées dans l'explosion de leur voiture. Sarah, qui suivait Golytsin, tombe tout comme lui dans un piège et est mortellement blessée par un tueur qui la poignarde et dérobe la liste "NOC". L'un des survivants, Ethan Hunt, tente de s'échapper.
Two Deaths
Two Deaths (1995)
, 1h42
Réalisé par Nicolas Roeg
Origine Royaume-uni
Genres Drame, Guerre
Acteurs Michael Gambon, Sônia Braga, Patrick Malahide, Ion Caramitru, John Shrapnel, Nickolas Grace
Rôle Carl Dalakis
Note65% 3.29543.29543.29543.29543.2954
On the eve of a revolution in an East European country, Dr. Daniel Pavenic (Gambon) sits down to dinner with some friends and discusses his past and his obsession with a former house servant. His shocking honesty eventually leads to his guests also disclosing some of their own secrets.
Citizen X
Citizen X (1995)
, 1h43
Réalisé par Chris Gerolmo
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Drame, Thriller, Documentaire, Historique, Policier
Thèmes Tueur en série, La peine de mort
Acteurs Stephen Rea, Donald Sutherland, Max von Sydow, Jeffrey DeMunn, Joss Ackland, John Wood
Rôle Tatevsky
Note75% 3.7983153.7983153.7983153.7983153.798315
Fiction sur le parcours du tueur en série ukrainien Andreï Tchikatilo, reconnu coupable du meurtre de 52 femmes et enfants, et des efforts des forces de police russes pour l'appréhender.
Kafka
Kafka (1991)
, 1h38
Réalisé par Steven Soderbergh
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Drame, Science-fiction, Thriller, Biographie, Comédie
Thèmes Film sur un écrivain, Politique, Dystopique
Acteurs Jeremy Irons, Theresa Russell, Joel Grey, Ian Holm, Jeroen Krabbé, Armin Mueller-Stahl
Rôle Solemn anarchist
Note68% 3.4488553.4488553.4488553.4488553.448855
En 1919 à Prague, Kafka est employé dans une compagnie d'assurances, mais mène une double vie d'employé et d'écrivain. Un soir, son meilleur ami se fait tuer dans des circonstances pour le moins troublantes. Cherchant à comprendre ce qui s'est passé, il est amené à rencontrer un groupe anarchiste clandestin en lutte contre une organisation qui mène d'étranges expériences...