Harpo Marx est un Acteur et Scénariste Américain né le 23 novembre 1888 à New York (Etats-Unis)
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Nom de naissance Adolph MarxNationalité Etats-UnisNaissance 23 novembre 1888
à New York (Etats-Unis
)Mort 28 septembre 1964
(à 75 ans) à Los Angeles (Etats-Unis
Harpo Marx (né Adolph Marx) était un acteur comique juif américain né à New York le 23 novembre 1888, décédé le 28 septembre 1964 à Los Angeles.
Son diminutif lui vient de son instrument favori : la harpe.
Il est le troisième fils de Minnie et Sam 'Frenchie' Marks.
Harpo se maria avec l'actrice Susan Fleming (1908-2002) le 28 septembre 1936.
À la différence de ses frères (les Marx Brothers) qui furent mariés plusieurs fois, le mariage d'Harpo dura toute sa vie. Le couple adopta quatre enfants (Bill, Alex, Jimmy et Minnie.)
Harpo married actress Susan Fleming on September 28, 1936. The wedding became public knowledge after President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent the couple a telegram of congratulations the following month. Harpo's marriage—like Gummo's—was lifelong. (Groucho was divorced three times, Zeppo twice, Chico once.) The couple adopted four children: Bill, Alex, Jimmy, and Minnie. When he was asked by George Burns in 1948 how many children he planned to adopt, he answered: "I’d like to adopt as many children as I have windows in my house. So when I leave for work, I want a kid in every window, waving goodbye."
Harpo was good friends with theater critic Alexander Woollcott, and became a regular member of the Algonquin Round Table. He once said his main contribution was to be the audience for the quips of other members. In their play The Man Who Came to Dinner, George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart based the character of "Banjo" on Harpo. Harpo later played the role in Los Angeles opposite Woolcott, who had inspired the character of Sheridan Whiteside.
In 1961 Harpo published his autobiography, Harpo Speaks. Because he never spoke a word in character, many believed he actually was mute. In fact, radio and TV news recordings of his voice can be found on the Internet, in documentaries, and on bonus materials of Marx Brothers DVDs. A reporter who interviewed him in the early 1930s wrote that he "...had a deep and distinguished voice, like a professional announcer", and like his brothers, spoke with a New York accent his entire life. According to those who personally knew him, Harpo's voice was much deeper than Groucho's, but it also sounded very similar to Chico's. His son, Bill, recalled that in private Harpo had a very deep and mature soft-spoken voice, but that he was "not verbose" like the other Marx brothers; Harpo preferred listening and learning from others.
Harpo's final public appearance came on January 19, 1963 with singer/comedian Allan Sherman. Sherman burst into tears when Harpo announced his retirement from the entertainment business. Comedian Steve Allen, who was in the audience, remembered that Harpo spoke for several minutes about his career, and how he would miss it all, and repeatedly interrupted Sherman when he tried to speak. The audience found it charmingly ironic, Allen said, that Harpo, who had never before spoken on stage or screen, "wouldn't shut up!"
Harpo was an avid croquet player, and was inducted into the Croquet Hall of Fame in 1979.
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