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Naissance 28 mai 1942Prof. Mgr. Art. Božidara Turzonovová ([ˈboʒɪdara ˈturzonovovaː]; born on May 28, 1942) is a Slovak film and stage actress of Bulgarian origins, often referred to as The First Lady of Slovak Theater and Film,.
(80 ans) à Sofia (Bulgarie
Zaslúžilý umelec (Česko-Slovensko)
The former chairman of the Art Film Fest (AFF) in Trenčianske Teplice, nowadays the president of the International Film Festival Cinematik (IFFC) held in Piešťany (from 2006), Turzonovová is also known as the first dean of the Faculty of Drama at the Academy of Performing Arts in Banská Bystrica (1999–2002), co-established by herself. Since 2009, she occupies the Managing Board of the Academy of Performing Arts in Bratislava and, simultaneously, lectures at the Faculty of Mass Media Communication at the University of Saints Cyril and Methodius in Trnava.
In terms of artistic achievements, the actress is most notable for her portrayal of Emmy Destinn in a Jiří Krejčík's motion picture entitled The Divine Emma (1979). The movie was submitted for the 54th Academy Awards in 1982 in the category Best Foreign Language Film. Most currently, the actress was cast in the Palm Springs International ShortFest-winning film The Lunchbox (2009), which also scored a bronze medal in the narrative category at the 37th Annual Student Academy Awards competition, in 2010.
1942-60: Early life and education
Božidara Turzonovová is a daughter of a female medician from Serbia and a reputable architect with origins in Macedonia (near Thessaloniki). As the oldest of three descendents, she was born in the Republic of Bulgaria. After thirteen months spent in Sofia, her mother followed the spouse to Bratislava, where he worked since 1939. From 1943, Turzonovová was therefore raised in Slovakia. According to the actress, she was often called "that Bulgarian" at that time that led her to a state of feeling rather humbled (as she recollected for the Czech Television in 2011). Although, she originally planned to study art history at the Palacký University of Olomouc in western part of then-Czechoslovakia, for which she would also apply, Turzonovová continued with drama eventually at the Slovak Academy of Performing Arts. While one of her classmates was Emília Vášáryová, her teacher became Ján Borodáč who taught the Stanislavski's method. However as the artist later disclosed, she found difficult to couple with partners on the scene, and wanted to abandon the college. In 2012 for SME she said: "For me 'partnering stuff' has always been a problem in acting, especially when I was yet a student."
1961-69: Career beginnings and the National Theater
115px 115px "I don't want to mentor here but even word has a sound content energy, that's all about energies. And when a performance turns out well, if there's my energy, an energy of fellows, an energy of the director who put his effort into it, then there's one great synergy which circulates, and after it circulates backwards. And that's the atmosphere in theater, that's what makes audiences laugh, moves them to tears or completely hushes them up, so they will hold their breath. And those are the moments that I love, and which I will never accomplish on any TV, in any series and in any film – only on stage."
—Actress on her relation with live audience
(Mestské divadlo Žilina; March 16, 2013).
The actress made her official debut on the screen in black-and-white movie entitled Most na tú stranu (English: A Bridge to the Other Side) by Vladislav Pavlovič, to be premiered in January the following year. The psychological drama starred Jozef Adamovič; a three years older actor whom Turzonovová would marry. Her initial appearance for television came along with Ján Klimo's Mladé letá (English: Young Ages, 1962), another drama based on an autobiographical novel by Martin Kukučín. While on college, she was cast in two plays at a chamber theatre of the Slovak National Theater, called Malá scéna (English: Small Stage). Following her graduating in September 1963, the actress signed a contract with the professional ensemble while being pregnant. As a result, she was accused of cheating as revealed. After return from parental leave, Turzonovová was cast in the follow-up project by Pavlovič Senzi Mama (English: Smashing Mom, 1964), while for TV productions taking part in comedies (Charlieho teta, Dobrodružstvo pri obžinkoch, Rozmajrín). In 1969, she would join the crew of Volpone, the only directorial attempt of František Dibarbora.
1970-79: The Meritorious Artist title and The Divine Emma
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