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Bing Crosby est un Acteur, Réalisateur, Scénariste, Producteur et Remerciements Américain né le 3 mai 1903 à Tacoma (Etats-Unis)

Bing Crosby

Bing Crosby
Si vous aimez cette personne, faites-le savoir !
Nom de naissance Harry Lillis Crosby
Nationalité Etats-Unis
Naissance 3 mai 1903 à Tacoma (Etats-Unis)
Mort 14 octobre 1977 (à 74 ans) à La Moraleja (Espagne)
Récompenses Oscar du meilleur acteur, Grammy du couronnement d'une carrière, Peabody Awards

Bing Crosby (Harry Lillis Crosby) est un chanteur et acteur américain né le 3 mai 1903 à Tacoma dans l'État de Washington aux États-Unis et décédé d'une crise cardiaque le 14 octobre 1977 à Madrid en Espagne, à l'âge de 74 ans. Il est associé au courant du jazz vocal et du easy listening.

Crosby joua dans de nombreuses comédies musicales, et reçut l'Oscar du meilleur acteur en 1944 pour le rôle du Père O'Malley dans La Route semée d'étoiles dirigé par Leo McCarey. Il fut aussi l'invité de deux émissions de radio sur NBC et CBS. Durant sa carrière, Crosby apparut dans près de 100 films, et écrivit et chanta plus de 1700 chansons, dont 383 furent dans les palmarès "Top 30".

Le plus grand succès musical de Bing Crosby est sa reprise de "White Christmas" (Noël blanc) d'Irving Berlin, une chanson qui se vendit à 50 millions d'exemplaires et que plus de 400 chanteurs populaires interpréteront à travers le monde après lui. Cette chanson est devenue la plus célèbre de son répertoire et le single le plus vendu au monde. Les ventes de ses disques sont estimées à 500 millions de disques.
La manière de chanter de Bing Crosby eut beaucoup d'influence sur d'autres chanteurs très connus, tels Perry Como et Frank Sinatra, à cause du son unique de sa voix de "crooner". Ses films connurent également un grand succès.

Bing se maria deux fois. De ses femmes, Dixie Lee puis Kathryn Grant, il eut sept enfants. Deux d'entre eux se suicidèrent, tandis que les autres devinrent des acteurs et des écrivains.

Biographie

Crosby was married twice. His first wife was actress/nightclub singer Dixie Lee, to whom he was married from 1930 until her death from ovarian cancer in 1952; they had four sons: Gary, twins Dennis and Phillip, and Lindsay. The 1947 Susan Hayward film, Smash-Up: The Story of a Woman, is indirectly based on Lee's life. Bing and Dixie along with their children lived at 10500 Camarillo Street in North Hollywood for over five years. After her death, Crosby had relationships with model/Goldwyn Girl Pat Sheehan (who married his son Dennis in 1958) and actresses Inger Stevens and Grace Kelly before marrying the actress Kathryn Grant, who converted to Catholicism, in 1957. They had three children: Harry Lillis III (who played Bill in Friday the 13th), Mary (best known for portraying Kristin Shepard, who shot J. R. Ewing on TV's Dallas), and Nathaniel (the 1981 U.S. Amateur champion in golf).

Crosby was a registered Republican, and actively campaigned for Wendell Willkie in 1940 against President Roosevelt, arguing that no man should serve more than two terms in the White House. After Willkie lost, Crosby decreed that he would never again make any open political contributions.

Crosby reportedly had an alcohol problem in his youth, and may have been dismissed from Paul Whiteman's orchestra because of it, but he later got a handle on his drinking. According to Giddins, Crosby told his son Gary to stay away from alcohol, adding, "It killed your mother."

After Crosby's death, his eldest son, Gary, wrote a highly critical memoir, Going My Own Way, depicting his father as cruel, cold, remote, and both physically and psychologically abusive.
Gary Crosby wrote:


We had to keep a close watch on our actions... When one of us left a sneaker or pair of underpants lying around, he had to tie the offending object on a string and wear it around his neck until he went off to bed that night. Dad called it "the Crosby lavalier". At the time the humor of the name escaped me...
"Satchel Ass" or "Bucket Butt" or "My Fat-assed Kid". That's how he introduced me to his cronies when he dragged me along to the studio or racetrack... By the time I was ten or eleven he had stepped up his campaign by adding lickings to the regimen. Each Tuesday afternoon he weighed me in, and if the scale read more than it should have, he ordered me into his office and had me drop my trousers... I dropped my pants, pulled down my undershorts and bent over. Then he went at it with the belt dotted with metal studs he kept reserved for the occasion. Quite dispassionately, without the least display of emotion or loss of self-control, he whacked away until he drew the first drop of blood, and then he stopped. It normally took between twelve and fifteen strokes. As they came down I counted them off one by one and hoped I would bleed early...


When I saw Going My Way I was as moved as they were by the character he played. Father O'Malley handled that gang of young hooligans in his parish with such kindness and wisdom that I thought he was wonderful too. Instead of coming down hard on the kids and withdrawing his affection, he forgave them their misdeeds, took them to the ball game and picture show, taught them how to sing. By the last reel, the sheer persistence of his goodness had transformed even the worst of them into solid citizens. Then the lights came on and the movie was over. All the way back to the house I thought about the difference between the person up there on the screen and the one I knew at home.
Younger son Phillip vociferously disputed his brother Gary's claims about their father. Around the time Gary made his claim, Phillip stated to the press that "Gary is a whining...crybaby, walking around with a 2-by-4 and just daring people to nudge it off." However, Phillip did not deny that Crosby believed in corporal punishment. In an interview with People, Phillip stated that "we never got an extra whack or a cuff we didn't deserve." During a later interview conducted in 1999 by the Globe, Phillip said:


My dad was not the monster my lying brother said he was; he was strict, but my father never beat us black and blue, and my brother Gary was a vicious, no-good liar for saying so. I have nothing but fond memories of Dad, going to studios with him, family vacations at our cabin in Idaho, boating and fishing with him. To my dying day, I'll hate Gary for dragging Dad's name through the mud. He wrote Going My Own Way out of greed. He wanted to make money and knew that humiliating our father and blackening his name was the only way he could do it. He knew it would generate a lot of publicity. That was the only way he could get his ugly, no-talent face on television and in the newspapers. My dad was my hero. I loved him very much. He loved all of us too, including Gary. He was a great father.
However, Dennis and Lindsay Crosby confirmed that their father was physically abusive. Lindsay added, "I'm glad [Gary] did it. I hope it clears up a lot of the old lies and rumors." Unlike Gary, however, Lindsay said that he preferred to remember "all the good things I did with my dad and forget the times that were rough." Dennis asserted that the book was "Gary's business" and a result of his "anger," but would not deny the book's claims. Bing's younger brother, singer and jazz bandleader Bob Crosby, recalled at the time of Gary's revelations that Bing was a "disciplinarian," as their mother and father had been. He added, "We were brought up that way." In an interview for the same article, Gary clarified that Bing was abusive as a means of administering punishment: "He was not out to be vicious, to beat children for his kicks."

However, late in his life, Gary claimed that he made up large portions of the book in an attempt to blame his irresponsible life decisions on his father. Bing Crosby's website says:


However, several years after Bing died, Doubleday approached Gary to write an autobiography. To guarantee success, he was asked to wildly exaggerate Bing’s self-acknowledged paternal strictness. Going My Own Way, published in 1983 and co-authored by Ross Firestone, was Gary’s controversial attempt to transfer his professional and personal shortcomings onto his father; and to achieve the long desired leading role – playing Bing, no less – should his book be adapted to the screen. This wasn’t to be, as the book created considerable turmoil within the Crosby family. Subsequently, Gary recanted large portions of his unfortunate memoir. To further the rehabilitation Gary decided in 1995 to record an album overdubbing his father’s classic recordings. This came too late. With one side complete, a persistent cough interfered with the endeavor. A doctor’s visit confirmed that he had advanced lung cancer. Gary died on August 24, 1995.
It was revealed that Crosby's will had established a blind trust, with none of the sons receiving an inheritance until they reached the age of 65.

Lindsay Crosby died in 1989 and Dennis Crosby died in 1991, both by suicide from self-inflicted gunshot wounds, at ages 51 and 56, respectively. Gary Crosby died in 1995 at the age of 62 of lung cancer and 69-year-old Phillip Crosby died in 2004 of a heart attack.

Widow Kathryn Crosby dabbled in local theater productions intermittently, and appeared in television tributes to her late husband.

Nathaniel Crosby, Crosby's youngest son from his second marriage, was a high-level golfer who won the U.S. Amateur at age 19 in 1981, at the time the youngest-ever winner of that event. Harry Crosby is an investment banker who occasionally makes singing appearances.

Denise Crosby, Dennis Crosby's daughter, is also an actress and is known for her role as Tasha Yar on Star Trek: The Next Generation, and for the recurring role of the Romulan Sela (daughter of Tasha Yar) after her withdrawal from the series as a regular cast member. She also appeared in the film adaptation of Stephen King's novel Pet Sematary. In 2006, Crosby's niece, Carolyn Schneider, published the laudatory book Me and Uncle Bing.

There have been disputes between Crosby's two families beginning in the late 1990s. When Dixie died in 1952, her will provided that her share of the community property be distributed in trust to her sons. After Crosby's death in 1977, he left the residue of his estate to a marital trust for the benefit of his widow, Kathryn, and HLC Properties, Ltd., was formed for the purpose of managing his interests, including his right of publicity. In 1996, Dixie's trust sued HLC and Kathryn for declaratory relief as to the trust's entitlement to interest, dividends, royalties, and other income derived from the community property of Crosby and Dixie. In 1999, the parties settled for approximately $1.5 million. Relying on a retroactive amendment to the California Civil Code, Dixie's trust brought suit again, in 2010, alleging that Crosby's right of publicity was community property, and that Dixie's trust was entitled to a share of the revenue it produced. The trial court granted Dixie's trust's claim. The California Court of Appeal reversed, however, holding that the 1999 settlement barred the claim. In light of the court's ruling, it was unnecessary for the court to decide whether a right of publicity can be characterized as community property under California law.

Ses meilleurs films

La Barbe à papa (1973)
(Remerciements)
Les cloches de Sainte-Marie (1945)
(Acteur)
Il était une fois Hollywood (1974)
(Acteur)
La route semée d'étoiles (1944)
(Acteur)
Une fille de la province (1955)
(Acteur)
La Valse de l'empereur (1948)
(Acteur)

Le plus souvent avec

Edith Head
Edith Head
(29 films)
Hans Dreier
Hans Dreier
(22 films)
Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(24 films)
Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
(7 films)
Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(6 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmographie de Bing Crosby (100 films)

Afficher la filmographie sous forme de liste

Acteur

Cancel My Reservation, 1h39
Réalisé par Paul Bogart
Origine Etats-Unis
Acteurs Bob Hope, Eva Marie Saint, Ralph Bellamy, Forrest Tucker, Anne Archer, Keenan Wynn
Rôle Himself (uncredited)
Note49% 2.4721252.4721252.4721252.4721252.472125
Television personality Dan Bartlett, having difficulties with his wife and TV co-star Sheila, retreats to his Arizona ranch. When the body of Mary Little Cloud is found in his car trunk, Dan is placed under arrest.
Dr. Cook's Garden
Réalisé par Ted Post
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Drame, Thriller
Acteurs Bing Crosby, Frank Converse, Blythe Danner, Barnard Hughes
Rôle Dr. Leonard Cook
Note73% 3.698233.698233.698233.698233.69823
A young doctor returns to his New England home town after a long absence. He visits with the town's kindly old physician, Dr. Cook, a man he has admired since childhood. However, he soon finds out that the old doctor is keeping a mysterious secret.
La Marine en folie, 1h32
Réalisé par Frank Tashlin
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Guerre, Comédie
Thèmes La mer, Transport
Acteurs Bob Hope, Phyllis Diller, Jeffrey Hunter, Mako Iwamatsu, Henry Wilcoxon, Dick Sargent
Note58% 2.9050752.9050752.9050752.9050752.905075
Durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, branle-bas à bord d’un cargo américain torpillé par les Japonais, heureusement les troupes de la Navy ne manquent pas de ressources…
La Diligence Vers L'ouest, 1h55
Réalisé par Gordon Douglas
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Action, Western
Acteurs Bing Crosby, Ann-Margret, Red Buttons, Alex Cord, Slim Pickens, Mike Connors
Rôle Dr Josiah Boone
Note60% 3.049813.049813.049813.049813.04981
Une diligence tente de traverser une contrée désertique contrôlée par les Indiens. Lors d'une étape, les passagers de la diligence découvrent que toutes les personnes ont été massacrées. Ils vont devoir affronter l'attaque de leur convoi au cours d'une chevauchée dangereuse.
Les Sept Voleurs de Chicago, 2h3
Réalisé par Bing Crosby, Peter Falk, Dean Martin, Edward G. Robinson, Frank Sinatra, Sammy Davis Jr., Gordon Douglas
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Drame, Comédie, Comédie musicale, Action, Aventure, Musical, Policier
Thèmes La musique, Musique, Hold up, Gangsters
Acteurs Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr., Bing Crosby, Peter Falk, Edward G. Robinson
Rôle Allen A. Dale
Note64% 3.248843.248843.248843.248843.24884
Big Jim Stevens, chef incontesté de la pègre de Chicago, reçoit un cadeau d'anniversaire imprévu de son lieutenant ambitieux, Guy Gisborne. Au lieu de voir une effeuilleuse sortir d'un gâteau, il se fait tuer par tous les invités. Le chef de la mafia éliminé, Gisborne prend la relève. Il ordonne à tous les autres gangsters de la ville de payer sa protection, mais déclare que c'est toujours « Tous pour un » All for One and One for All. La nouvelle ne plaît pas à Robbo, gangster qui était un ami de Big Jim, et une guerre éclate dans la pègre.
Astronautes malgré eux, 1h31
Réalisé par Norman Panama, Melvin Frank
Origine Royaume-uni
Genres Science-fiction, Comédie, Musical, Romance
Thèmes Film traitant du cinéma, Espionnage, La musique, Le Tibet, Transport, Automobile, Comédie de science-fiction, Musique, Road movie, Buddy movie
Acteurs Bing Crosby, Bob Hope, Joan Collins, Robert Morley, Walter Gotell, Dorothy Lamour
Rôle Harry Turner
Note65% 3.2975653.2975653.2975653.2975653.297565
Chester et Harry sont poursuivis par les services secrets soviétiques qui veulent récupérer une formule secrète détruite, mais restée en mémoire dans le cerveau de Chester. Ce dernier l'ayant oubliée, tous deux se retrouvent à bord d'une fusée envoyée sur la Lune...
Le Milliardaire, 1h59
Réalisé par George Cukor, David S. Hall
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Comédie, Comédie musicale, Comédie romantique, Musical, Romance
Thèmes La musique, Musique
Acteurs Marilyn Monroe, Yves Montand, Tony Randall, Frankie Vaughan, Wilfrid Hyde-White, David Burns
Rôle Lui-même
Note64% 3.249593.249593.249593.249593.24959
Le film débute par la présentation des sept générations de Clément qui ont construit la fortune colossale de la famille. Jean-Marc Clément (Yves Montand) est le huitième dans la lignée et il est milliardaire, mais n'a jamais été marié ni n'a de successeur.
Une seconde jeunesse, 1h43
Réalisé par Blake Edwards, Charles Brackett
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Comédie, Comédie musicale, Musical
Thèmes La musique, Musique
Acteurs Bing Crosby, Fabian Forte, Tuesday Weld, Nicole Maurey, Richard Beymer, Patrick Adiarte
Rôle Harvey Howard
Note62% 3.13.13.13.13.1
Wealthy restauranteur Harvey Howard (Bing Crosby), a self-made man, widower and owner of "Harvey Howard Smokehouses", decides to go back to college at the age of 51 and earn a bachelor's degree. He faces opposition from his grown snobbish children, as well as a generation gap between himself and his much-younger fellow students. The first day in school he finds that just convincing older students, faculty and the admin personnel is a humorous task. He enrolls and receives freshman rooming, and is up front about his determination to be "just another freshman". Being assigned a quad rooming arrangement, this sets the standard for the upcoming years. Dealing with the student press, the dorm adviser and making that first toast with sauerkraut juice to seal their bond to complete their four years together.
Pepe
Pepe (1960)
, 3h15
Réalisé par George Sidney
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Comédie, Comédie musicale
Thèmes La musique, Musique
Acteurs Cantinflas, Dan Dailey, Shirley Jones, Janet Leigh, Carlos Montalbán, Vicki Trickett
Rôle Lui-même
Note55% 2.754042.754042.754042.754042.75404
Pepe" est employé dans un ranch, un patron d'Hollywood achète un cheval qui appartient au patron de Pépé mais celui ci est déterminé à ramener le cheval qui fait partie de la famille. Il part à Hollywood et y rencontre des stars de cinéma: Frank Sinatra, Jack Lemmon, Bing Crosby...
Ne tirez pas sur le bandit, 1h32
Réalisé par Norman Z. McLeod
Origine Etats-Unis
Genres Comédie, Action, Western
Thèmes La famille, Jesse James, Gangsters
Acteurs Bob Hope, Rhonda Fleming, Will Wright, Wendell Corey, Jim Davis, Mary Young
Rôle Bing (uncredited)
Note64% 3.248313.248313.248313.248313.24831
Un courtier vend une assurance-vie à Jesse James. Son directeur, affolé, lui demande de racheter le contrat et de protéger le bandit.